In short, does one have political obligations this book argues for an affirmative answer, construing one’s country as a political society of which one is a member, and a political society as a special type of social group. The grounds of political obligation are the facts that give citizens the obligation to obey the law they're the facts that generate the obligation that gave rise to it. Political obligation thus refers to the moral duty of citizens to obey the laws of their state in cases where an action or forbearance that is required by law is morally obligatory on independent grounds, political obligation simply gives the citizen an additional reason for acting accordingly. Analyses green's rather obscure treatment of two important questions: (1) ‘why does a subject have the duty to obey the ruler or sovereign’ and (2) ‘why is the receipt of an order backed by a threat sufficient to establish this duty when the order comes from a ruler’. Political obligation why should i obey the law apart from the obvious prudential and self-interested reasons (to avoid punishment, loss of reputation, and so forth), is there a moral obligation to do what the law requires just because the law requires it.
Political obligation the variety of views that count themselves contractarian is daunting some hark back to hobbes (and his emphasis on a preoccupation with one's own. 216 rex martin: political obligation 1 introduction political obligation’ is a broad notion and covers many things some have said, for example, that the citizen has an obligation or duty to vote. The contemporary political philosopher john rawls considers himself to be part of the social contract tradition of john locke, jean-jacques rousseau and immanuel kant, but not of the tradition of locke's predecessor, thomas hobbes.
In other words, political obligations are grounded in the citizen performing some voluntary act in order to deliberately undertake the obligation this is a very popular theory, and is supported by philosophical heavyweights such as john locke. After reading this article you will learn about:- 1 political obligation and the idea of justice 2 political obligation and the ‘general will’ 3 political obligation and the democratic system. If the answer is yes and the mere illegality of an act renders its performance prima facie morally wrong, then i am under a political obligation political obligation thus refers to the moral duty of citizens to obey the laws of their state.
The chief doctrines of political obligation that have been current in mod- ern europe, and by criticising them to bring out more clearly the main points of the truer doctrine (3) to consider in detail the chief rights and. The public life of political servants is characterized by other duties and obligations than private life conflicts can even arise between a person's public and private duties the central point of this paper is to examine whether this difference of duties can be regarded as an effect of different forms of obligation. Political obligation refers to an individual's moral duty to abide by the laws of their state or country although there is close to total agreement among philosophers and political thinkers regarding this premise, there exists a lengthy history of attempts to explain the manner in which an .
Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual’s claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience it is a central and ancient problem in political philosophy. Helping you include authors from under-represented groups in your teaching. A theory of political obligation membership, commitment, and the bonds of society margaret gilbert clarendon press oxford. Ideas and ideologies henry gruijters feb 2008 what is political obligation and what creates it henry guijters according to a heywood, political obligation is: ‘the duty of the citizen to acknowledge the.
[pt] the mark of the polity, or the political order, has always been the presence of “law”--the capacity to make decisions that are binding, or obligatory, for everyone within the territory the roots of obligation and law are the same: “ligare,” to bind when the law imposes a decision, it . Abstract: the public life of political servants is characterized by other duties and obligations than private life conflicts can even arise between a person's public and private duties the central point of this paper is to examine whether this difference of duties can be regarded as an effect of .
Read this article to learn about the 3 theories of the ground of political obligation (a) the theory of divine right: upon this theory the necessity which stands above and apart from the citizen and the governing authority is that of the divine will and ordinance. Political obligation in relation to legal authority and obligation, see also the entries about legal authority (here), obligations in the law (here) and normativity . Notre dame philosophical reviews is an electronic, peer-reviewed journal that publishes timely reviews of scholarly philosophy books a theory of political obligation: membership, commitment, and the bonds of society // reviews // notre dame philosophical reviews // university of notre dame.